Virtual machine lock manager

Libvirt includes a framework for ensuring mutual exclusion between virtual machines using host resources. Typically this is used to prevent two VM processes from having concurrent write access to the same disk image, as this would result in data corruption if the guest was not using a cluster aware filesystem.

Lock manager plugins ΒΆ

The lock manager framework has a pluggable architecture, to allow different locking technologies to be used.

This is a "no op" implementation which does absolutely nothing. This can be used if mutual exclusion between virtual machines is not required, or if it is being solved at another level in the management stack.
This is the current preferred implementation shipped with libvirt. It uses the virtlockd daemon to manage locks using the POSIX fcntl() advisory locking capability. As such it requires a shared filesystem of some kind be accessible to all hosts which share the same image storage.
This is an alternative implementation preferred by the oVirt project. It uses a disk paxos algorithm for maintaining continuously renewed leases. In the default setup it requires some shared filesystem, but it is possible to use it in a manual mode where the management application creates leases in SAN storage volumes.